Our hormones undergo cyclical changes, from day to night. For women, they also change monthly as per menstrual cycle, and during pregnancy. These hormonal changes have a big impact on our skin condition.
The sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, regulate our pore's oil production. Excessive oil production clogs pores, breeds bacteria and causes acne. Inadequate oil production resolves acne but causes dryness.
Fluctuations in estrogen can sensitivity to UV and increase melasma risk, and is commonly experienced during or post pregnancy.
Estrogen improves skin thickness our body's collagen, whereas cortisol, the stress hormone reduces it to cause skin to weaken and sag. As women age and during menopause, estrogen is reduced.
It's important to have a skincare that targets all aspects of melasma, acne and sag, and to adjust it to our cyclical and progressive changes.